Who Rapes Whom?

My great-grandmother, Anna Houston James, b. ca 1844, Alabama

The Charleston shooter reportedly said, “You rape our women.” He got it backward, and history proves it.

Go to the census records for the former confederacy from 1870, 1880, and 1900. (Most of the records from 1890 burned). They’re free on Mocavo and other websites. The first census after the end of slavery occurred in 1870. There are patterns here. Households include a man (head of household) and woman in their twenties or thirties with one or more much younger people, along with one or more older people, usually women. The man, woman, and youngsters are mulatto (MU), while the older people are black (B). Households may comprise a black man and a mulatto woman along with mulatto young people.

The 1870 census didn’t include family relationships, but later ones did.

In 1880 and 1900 we can see  the man and woman in the first example are husband and wife, the youngsters are their children, and the older woman is either his mother or hers. In the second example, the couple is married, but the children are hers. The older women are either mother or mother-in-law.

So where did all these mulatto households come from? Africans arrived on these shores without much white blood. Except for Spain and Portugal, Europeans didn’t have much black blood. By the time 1870 came along there were almost no Native Americans in the Southeast, and they were listed as “I” when they lived off the reservations.

I did a Mitochondrial DNA test a few years ago. It was 100 percent West African. Before and after TJ, the enslaving white men exercised their power over the bodies of black women, women who could not object without risk to their own lives or more likely, the lives of their other children. It wasn’t called rape, but it was.

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